The agile approach in software development is considered one of the most effective, and it is successfully used by project managers. For many IT people, understanding the Agile strategy and how to implement it becomes a key factor in improving the efficiency of work processes.
Agile is very different from traditional project management methods in that it is not used to pre-plan a project. Agile methodologies do not provide a linear planning approach. Agile involves iterating and splitting the project into sprints. Detailed planning is done only for the next sprint, and the next sprints are subject to change.
Sprints last typically from two to four weeks, and each sprint should produce a specific outcome. At the same time, the project can be carried out using various Agile methodologies, but the most popular of them are Scrum and Kanban.
Scrum involves fulfilling certain roles and responsibilities, as well as holding regular meetings. But it is better to use Scrum in those projects that target a specific product.
Kanban, unlike Scrum, relies on task lists rather than time frames. The Kanban methodology allows managing the reporting materials in the team so that none of the performers is idle or overwhelmed.
Agile methodologies were originally created for software development projects, but can be used in many other business areas. The Agile approach works best when the project requirements are not fully clear and project owners are ready to deal with flexible scopes, schedules, and estimates.